Reforestation Masarang mountain

Click on photo to enlarge and have the best view, compare to 2002

Forest situation around Tomohon in 2016 (North Sulawesi), images from Google Earth
Forest situation around Tomohon in 2016 (North Sulawesi), images from Google Earth
Click on photo to enlarge and have the best view, compare to 2016!
Forest situation around Tomohon in 2002 (North Sulawesi), images from Google Earth
Forest situation around Tomohon in 2002 (North Sulawesi), images from Google Earth

The Masarang mountain ridge was logged, burned and eroded for over a hundred years until we bought it in 2001 and completely reforested it. In succession different plant and tree species were planted, and a diverse forest grew here once again. Now the forest is actively maintained and protected by the local population in collaboration with Masarang.

The reforestation has achieved the following:

  1. Approximately 1 million trees have been planted.
  2. The reforestation absorbs approximately 5.000 tons of CO2 per year.
  3. A river originating in the mountain range, which had disappeared 50 years ago, now flows continuously again.
  4. Seven formerly dried up water sources around the Masarang mountain produce water again and are stable. The sources of Uluna and Tataaren are of great importance for the drinking water supply of the local population.
  5. Floods in the village of Matani, which sometimes took place 3 times per year, are a thing of the past because the new forest has greatly improved the hydrological functioning of the soil.
  6. Through sustainable forestry and selective harvesting, economically valuable wood has been extracted.
  7. The forest provides jobs in local house construction, sustainable forestry, and sugar palm and fruit cultivation.
  8. Rainfall in the area is significantly increased and the local temperature significantly reduced
  9. Lower farming lands are fed by springs; because of the now constant water supply about 500 hectares of rice paddies now produce one harvest extra per year which corresponds to an additional quarter of a million kilos of rice for the local populace.
  10. Flora and fauna have come back to life. Owls, for example, have made their appearance and the famous Celebes toad and plants that are named after the mountain such as Osmoxylon masarangense and Begonia masarangense have returned.
  11. The new forest area is also an educational area for school children. The University of Manado holds regular excursions and their students do research on Masarang mountain.
  12. Protection of birds which use the mountain as migratory route. Specifically the large quantities of birds of prey fly over which fly over twice a year.

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